Today, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam signed the Consumer Data Protection Act (SB 1392) into law, making Virginia the second state after California to enact major privacy legislation.  Like the recently approved California Privacy Rights Act (“CPRA”), which amends the California Consumer Privacy Act, the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (“CDPA”) also becomes effective January 1, 2023.  But the similarities to California law don’t end there.  There is considerable overlap between the CDPA and the CCPA and CPRA, on the one hand, and between the CDPA and the European General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), on the other hand.  However, there are also important distinctions between the CDPA and those laws that make it unique.  This blog post tracks some of the CDPA’s key features, and notes where they align with or depart from existing law.
Continue Reading Virginia is for Privacy, Apparently

The start of 2020 did not just bring us the effective date of the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). It also lead to several state legislators introducing their own versions of potentially ground-breaking privacy and data security laws. Each law has nuances that will likely result in a compliance nightmare, particularly if all or most of the states and territories enact their own law. However, each also appears on its face to riff on either the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) or the CCPA.

The chart below provides a list (current as of April 14, 2020) of proposed state privacy legislation that could still be enacted this session. The purpose of the chart is to provide the broad strokes of each proposed law, show their similarities, and highlight key differences. The question is whether the GDPR and/or CCPA actually provide the most appropriate models to emulate? The CCPA is perceived and touted by many as the first and most comprehensive privacy and data security law of its kind in the US, but we can’t help but wonder: does first necessarily mean best?

States that considered but ultimately chose not to pass proposed privacy legislation in 2020 include: Florida, Maryland, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.
Continue Reading What’s the Deal with the Other State Privacy Bills?

This afternoon, Governor Brown signed into law California Assembly Bill 375, the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018. The law is unprecedented in the United States that it applies European-level compliance obligations akin to the now infamous General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which took effect only a month ago. How did this happen? California legislators rushed a bill through to avoid a ballot initiative proposed by Alastair Mactaggart. Mactaggart agreed to withdraw the initiative if a law was signed by the Governor by today. The law takes effect on January 1, 2020. (And if you think that’s a long time, then you did not just live through the last 18 months working on GDPR preparedness.)   What does AB 375 mean for organizations doing business in California? It includes new disclosure requirements, consumer rights, training obligations, and potential penalties for noncompliance, among other things.

Below are some of the key provisions:


Continue Reading California, Privacy, and the New Normal – CA AB 375 Signed Into Law